Speaking About Discrimination in Cuba
Speaking About Discrimination in Cuba
November 6, 2014
HAVANA TIMES — My colleague’s post, Cuba: Reasoable Doubt or Blatant
Racism?, reminded me of a conversation I had with a friend some time
ago. At the end of our debate, she, a black woman who had suffered
various forms of segregation from childhood, agreed with me about how
relative the causes behind discrimination can be.
These can go from the superiority of a culture’s resources and
strategies, as suffered by civilizations that were conquered and
eliminated, through the stigmatization perpetrated by power groups
interested in political and economic control, as in the case of the
Jews, to literal interpretations of religious precepts which social
changes make unviable and atrophy the lives of women under
These problems tend to deepen because, once the norm has been
established, subsequent generations cling to its thought patterns and
not even new laws can radically change the collective consciousness
based on them. It takes much longer to eradicate an ill than to adopt
it. To make matters worse, other complex factors tend to increase this
Once, while watching a film about the Roman empire, I realized that,
even though history lessons teach us that these civilizations enslaved
people of the same race (white people, that is), every time I hear the
word “slave”, I immediately associate it to a black person.
If we want to be honest, we would have to say that, even after slavery
was abolished in the West, when modern societies were at their economic
and cultural peak, servants (of any color) were commonly treated with
the same contempt that marks the abyss between the upper and subjugated
classes, a gap that is apparently insurmountable, as it still exists.
Of course, such a gap exists also in Cuba, the anomalous product of
experiments in socialism and social justice. In the anecdote Yusimi
shared, describing how a police officer asked to see her ID while we
were gathering seashells at the beach, she forgot to mention that the
officer addressed me, asked where I lived and, when I replied with an
unequivocally Cuban accent, immediately asked to see my ID as well. In
the blink of an eye, we were both equally “suspicious.”
The already difficult condition of being Cuba is worsened by the second,
implicit category, that of being an “average Cuban”, a category through
which whites, blacks and peoples of mixed race are discriminated on a
daily basis, by whites, blacks and people of mixed race who are in a
position of relative institutional or economic power.
As a woman, I have often suffered subtle and not-so-subtle variants of
discrimination, attitudes that do not exactly bother me or make me feel
worse, but which are part of a male chauvinistic tradition that is very
difficult to uproot, particularly since it is nourished and reproduced
by women themselves.
To mention a straightforward example, while among (male) intellectuals,
I have felt the a priori dismissal of female intelligence in person,
stemming from the fact that humanity’s intellectual, scientific and even
artistic legacy is, for the most part, made up of male achievements.
At intellectual circles, it is also easy to fall under a rather
uncomfortable category if one does not identify with the most widely
accepted ideology, which can well be left-wing. It is even easier to be
disparaged as mentally challenged for believing in god, and saying so,
in a circle of agnostics and materialists.
I can point to a more extreme example to further illustrate this point:
many a time, I have felt the victim of discrimination while with common
people, only because I don’t like salsa music or reggaeton, and do enjoy
classical music. I am made to feel guilty and even “elitist.”
Among those who take part in the repugnant reprisals against dissidents,
I have often seen black people (some very expressive in their rage) and
have wondered whether homosexuals, or anyone who has felt excluded
because of the way they think, their sexual orientation, social status,
or simply for not fitting the aesthetic cannon in vogue (one of the
oldest forms of discrimination), also participate in those spectacles.
As Kafka wisely said, “a man plagued by his own devils takes revenge on
his fellow man without giving it a thought.”
What, then, can we expect for the mentally ill, the alcoholics, the
destitute that abound in the city?
Discrimination is born of incomprehension and, above all else, a lack of
sensitivity. I have seen people who have picked up many stray dogs and
cats and cared for them (despite financial limitations) been rejected as
“dirty”. No one gives them left-overs or cleaning products for these
pets. No one feels that they are taking on a responsibility evaded by
others, much less the State.
In our scale of values, animals of course occupy the lowest level: they
can die in cruel sacrifices, scientific experiments, or at the hands of
Lastly, in the brutal fight for survival that is spreading across Cuba
more and more, I see the elderly and the disabled being savagely
displaced, such that, pushing fifty, I am already preparing myself for
the may subtle and not-so-subtle forms of discrimination in store for me.
Source: Speaking About Discrimination in Cuba – Havana Times.org –